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Voting in Spain

Voting in Spain

Here in Gaucin we welcome voter participation in elections. Your voice counts and your vote can influence who runs the Town Hall - Mayor/ Mayoress and Councillors.


Note that as a legal resident in Gaucin foreigners have the right to vote in certain elections but only if they selected to be added to the census (Censo in Spanish) when registering on the Padron.


Note that all British citizens will need to Re-register on the census in order to vote in municipal elections. Registration will open in late 2022 and the town hall will provide instructions in time for elections in 2023.


The following information explains your voting rights depending on your nationality/citizenship. It is taken from the Spanish Government’s La Moncloa website:


UK and other non-EU Citizens
For UK citizens note that Spain and the UK have signed an agreement on mutual recognition of the right to vote and also the right to stand as councillor in local elections. Brexit does not mean that you can not vote!


Municipal elections ONLY
British citizens that have been legally resident in Spain for an uninterrupted period of three years are entitled to register on the census. To subsequently exercise the right to vote you must have been on the Censo at least 6 months before the registry to vote is closed (typically 31 January every year).


To stand for election, British citizens will need to meet the requirements provided for by Spanish Constitutional Law 5/1985, of 19 June, on the general electoral system. Post-Brexit this means again having been registered as Resident for 3 years.


European Parliament Elections
British citizens no longer have the right to vote in elections to the European Parliament.


EU Citizens
Apart from being able to vote as above in Municipal elections, EU citizens residing in Spain can also vote in European elections. Follow the above guidance to check you are on the Censo for each type of election.


Regional Elections (Junta de Andalucia) and National Elections
No foreign residents can vote in regional or national elections in Spain.


For voting in your home country, please consult that specific country’s election rules.